Tree trimming or pruning is necessary for a variety of reasons:
· to remove diseased or storm-damaged branches, also branches can fracture.
· to thin the crown to permit new growth and better air circulation
· to reduce the height of a tree
· to remove obstructing lower branches
· to shape a tree for design purposes
Once this is determined the next question is; can I do this myself? Sure, if you have experience and access to climbing gear and harnesses, safety lines, chainsaws, operating a chainsaw off the ground, ropes, removal of limbs while you are in a tree, ladder stability and placement, what the earth is like around the tree (is it stable), am I ok with a chainsaw in a tree?….there are many questions you have not thought of. Signature Tree and Home has tree trimming experts that take the fear out of the process and set you at ease. Signature Tree and Home is insured and bonded as well.
In the case of a large tree where you want to remove big branches in the upper area of the crown, it may be best to hire the experts at Signature Tree and Home. Large tree pruning, in particular, can require climbing and heavy saws or even cherry-pickers and chain saws. This is a job that should be left to trained and experienced professionals. Personal safety should NOT be compromised in pruning a tree.
There are many tree trimming jobs that you can do on your own. In all cases, the key is to prune the unwanted branch while protecting the stem or trunk wood of the tree. Tree branches grow from stems at nodes and pruning always takes place on the branch side of a stem-branch node. Branches and stems are separated by a lip of tissue called a stem collar which grows out from the stem at the base of the branch. All pruning cuts should be made on the branch side of this stem collar. This protects the stem and the other branches that might be growing from it. It also allows the tree to heal more effectively after the prune. To prevent tearing of the bark and stem wood:
- Make a small wedge shaped cut on the underside of the branch just on the branch side of the stem collar. This will break the bark at that point and prevent a tear from running along the bark and stem tissue.
- Somewhat farther along the branch, starting at the top of the branch, cut all the way through the branch leaving a stub end.
- Finally, make a third cut parallel to and just on the branch side of the of the stem collar to reduce the length of the stub as much as possible.
A similar procedure is used in pruning one of two branches (or one large branch and a stem) joined together in a 'u' or 'v' crotch. This is known as a drop crotch cut. Make the first notch cut on the underside of the branch you're pruning well up from the crotch. For the second cut, cut completely through the branch from inside the crotch well up from the ridge of bark joining the two branches. Finally, to shorten the remaining stub, make the third cut just to one side of the branch bark ridge and roughly parallel to it.
The dormant season, late fall or winter, is the best time to prune although dead branches can and should be removed at any time. Pruning during the dormant period minimizes sap loss and subsequent stress to the tree. It also minimizes the risk of fungus infection or insect infestation as both fungi and insects are likely to be in dormancy at the same time as the tree. Finally, in the case of deciduous trees, pruning when the leaves are off will give you a better idea of how your pruning will affect the shape of the tree.
Give Signature Tree and Home a call for an estimate!